The Importance of the Patient Experience
By Debra Wood, RN, contributor
What is your definition of the term, “the patient experience”? Christina Dempsey, RN, MSN, MBA, chief nursing officer at Press Ganey, defines the patient experience as the totality of the clinical, operational, cultural and behavioral care provided.
Dempsey reported evidence exists linking patient experience with clinical outcomes, including a systematic review published in BMJ Open in 2013, which found a positive association between patient experience and clinical effectiveness and patient safety. And a 2014 study in the Annals of Surgery found higher patient satisfaction scores were associated with higher surgical quality.
“Nurses are pivotal to the patient experience,” said Maggie Rafferty, DHA, RN, chief experience officer for Dignity Health’s St. Rose Dominican Hospitals in Las Vegas, Nev., who is responsible for processes, excellence in care delivery and making improvements.
Mary Beth Modic, DNP, RN, CDE is a clinical nurse specialist in diabetes at the Cleveland Clinic and lead author of one of the articles in the inaugural issue of the Journal of Patient Experience. “Nurses have wonderful opportunities to have an impact,” said Modic, “but we sometimes do not appreciate the influence we can have.”
The new Journal of Patient Experience addresses the need for peer-reviewed evidence about what works to improve the patient experience as more organizations place additional effort on boosting their scores on the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) survey the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services is using to assess patient perceptions in its Hospital Value-based Purchasing program.
“The government has done us a favor in the sense that they lit the fire around holding clinicians accountable, for not just clinical and quality metrics but also experience metrics,” said Adrienne Boissy, MD, MA, director of the Center for Excellence in Healthcare Communication, staff neurologist at Cleveland Clinic in Ohio and editor-in-chief of the Journal of Patient Experience. “For those of us in caregiving, it gives us added reason to do what we already do.”
While the government initiative has generated much emphasis in the topic, Rafferty said that patients are the true drivers of improvement. “We are serving a patient population that is consistently more involved in their care, better educated and have expectations of exceptional service from other industries,” she said.
Modic and colleagues examined perceptions of caring behaviors and discovered nurses reported providing caring behaviors more often than patients reported receiving them, particularly when it came to patient education. “Patients think we are having a conversation,” said Modic, who suggested framing educational moments by telling the patient the nurse is going to provide information important to their health before beginning the teaching.
Making a connection with patients improves their perceptions, Dempsey said. Years ago, nurses learned how to truly get to know their patients while in school, giving back rubs and head-to-toe assessments. Today’s focus is much more task-oriented, often learned on a simulator, creating a need to instill the basics. Focus on what is right for the patient, how to reduce their complications and make them more successful in managing their conditions, Dempsey advised.
Rafferty recommended nurses engage with their patients, learn about their fears and anxieties, and individualize their care. That may mean going beyond the basics every now and then. For example, it might make sense to help arrange a pet sitter for the patient who is more focused on his cats than his health.
While nurses are encouraged to do all they can to genuinely connect and assist patients in their areas of greatest need, experts understand that patient satisfaction is often a matter of perception.
Linda Plank, PhD, RN, associate dean for academic affairs at Baylor University’s Louise Herrington School of Nursing in Dallas, reported that various studies have shown what behaviors can help increase patient satisfaction scores. For instance, Plank explained that saying the word “excellent” will plant the thought in the patient’s mind and often will lead to a mark of excellent on a satisfaction survey. Other suggestions include nurses introducing themselves and their role every time they walk into the patient’s room and regular rounding.
“The research is very specific,” Plank said. “You have to do whatever is going to get the results you want, and that may mean scripting. The principles are basic.”
Some hospitals have tried scripting and instructing nurses to smile or make eye contact, but have met with resistance. “For people who have been doing this for some period of time, it rubs people the wrong way to be told to smile more and to script their language,” Boissy said. “It doesn’t feel authentic to people who may be very talented at what they do.”
Nurses are most important to the patient experience, and there is a direct correlation between patient satisfaction and nurse satisfaction, Plank said. When there is an adequate complement of nurses, and people like their jobs and are happy to be there, it makes a difference.
As caregiving has become more difficult, with more regulations and pressure, Boissy said, it’s important to remind people that they are taking care of human beings. Additionally, the work of caregiving and the witness of suffering place a burden on those delivering care. Therefore, organizations must make efforts to empathize with frontline staff and consider their challenges and what would make their jobs more meaningful.
For more on this topic, check out the RN.com CE course: The Role of the Staff Nurse in Patient Satisfaction & HCAHPS.
A version of this article was previously published on our sister site, NurseZone.com.
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Debra Wood is a registered nurse and writer living in Orlando, Fla. with her two dogs. She has received the international nursing honor society Sigma Theta Tau’s media award for excellence in journalism, as well as writer’s association honors for her creative work.