Learn about Lovenox

As a health care professional, you have familiarized yourself with the important facts about administering low molecular weight heparins (LMWH).  Enoxaparin (Lovenox) is one of the most commonly used LMWH. As you will recall, Lovenox is used to prevent deep venous thrombosis by preventing clots from forming.  The drug may also be used for other conditions determined by the physician. As part of your nursing practice, it is very important to educate your patients about Lovenox as well. 

When teaching your patient about Lovenox, make sure to stress the importance of informing their health care provider about any other medical problems that might affect the actions of Lovenox. Some of these problems include allergy or hypersensitivity to pork, bleeding disorders, hypertension, liver or kidney disease and active gastric ulcers.

Also remind your patients to inform their physician if they have received enoxaparin or heparin before and had a reaction such as thrombocytopenia, or if new blood clots formed while they were receiving the medication. If your patient is of child bearing years, tell them to inform their doctor if they have recently given birth. They should also report any recent trauma, medical procedures or dental surgery.

Make sure your patient recognizes the significance of informing their health care providers, including dentists, that they are taking enoxaparin. Instruct them to check with their physician if they notice any possible side effects such as bruising or bleeding, black, tarry stools, dizziness or back pain; and weakness in the legs.

Also inform your patient that there are other side effects that might occur that will not need medical attention. Minor episodes of diarrhea or nausea and vomiting will likely resolve without medical intervention. Instruct the patient to always contact their regular health care provider if they are at all concerned.