RN

T.I.M.E. to Act: Cardiac Survival Plan

Coronary artery disease is the leading killer of both men and women in the United States. Each year, about 1.1 million Americans suffer a heart attack. About 460,000 of these heart attacks are fatal. Death and disability from cardiac arrest can be reduced with prompt thrombolytic therapy, ideally administered within the first hour after symptoms begin. Yet, many Americans delay seeking help.

Now you can use the T.I.M.E. method, developed by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to educate your patients on how to survive a heart attack.

Talk with your patients about:
* Risk of heart attack.
* Recognition of symptoms.
* Right action steps to take / rationale for rapid action.
* Rx – give instructions for when symptoms occur (based on patient history).
* Remembering to call 911 quickly; within 5 minutes.

Investigate:
* Feelings about heart attack.
* Barriers to symptom evaluation and response.
* Personal and family experience with AMI and emergency medical treatment.

Make a plan:
* Help patients and their family members to make a plan for exactly what to do in case of heart attack symptoms.
* Encourage patients and their families to rehearse the plan.

Evaluate:
* The patient’s understanding of risk in delaying.
* The patient’s understanding of your recommendations.
* The family’s understanding of risk and their plan for action.

Find additional information and educational materials to use at the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute Web site: www.nhlbi.nih.gov and the American Heart Association Web site: www.americanheart.org